Writing 유용한 표현 222 - Writing for the IELTS TEST

Writing for the IELTS Test





1. ~는 남들에게 -처럼 보일수 있다.


주어 can appear to others as -.


EX) Her icy attitude can appear to others as indifference.





2. X는 보통 -하는데 사용된다.


주어 is/are commonly used + to 부정사.


EX) This adjective is commonly used to describe people's character.





3. ~에 따르면 ...이다.


According to~, 주어 + 동사.


EX) According to some psychologists, man has a habit of lying





4. 마치 ...처럼 보인다.


It seems as if + 절.


EX) It seems as if he knows everything.





5. ...의 여부를 알아내다.


주어 + find(s) out whether + 절.


EX) I want to find out whether they have interests in common.





6. ...은 조금도 놀라운 일이 아니다.


No wonder (that) + 절.


EX) No wonder he has a stomach upset after eating so much.





7. 명백히 ...하다.


Obviously, 주어 + 동사.


EX) Obviously, you cannot make friends with everybody.





8. 이는 ...하기 때문이다.


This is because + 절.


EX) This is because we have coffee as a way of relieving tension.





9. ~는 ...할 확률이 매우 높다.


주어 is/are most likely + to 부정사.


EX) She is most likely to pass the driving test.





10. 대략적으로 말해서 ...이다.


Broadly speaking, 주어 + 동사.


EX) Broadly speaking, commuting by car has grown since the 1960s.





11. 보도에 따르면 ...이다.


It is reported that + 절.


EX) It is reported that whales travel at the speed of 56 kilometers per hour.


Reports have it that + 절.


According to reports, 주어 + 동사.


Reportedly, 주어 + 동사.





12. 그렇다 하더라도 아직...이다.


Even so, 주어 + still + 동사


EX) Even so, over one-fifth of the population still lives below the poverty line.





13. 지적한대로 ...이다.


As I have pointed out, 주어 + 동사.


EX) As I have pointed out, its environmental effect could be disastrous.





14. 조사에 따르면 ...이다.


The survey shows that + 절.


EX) The survey shows that 24 percent of children watch TV after 9 o'clock.


The survey reveals that + 절.


According to the survey, 주어 + 동사





15. 아무리 오래 걸리더라도 ...하다.


No matter how long it takes, 주어 + 동사.


EX) No matter how long it takes, I will complete my task.


However long it takes, 주어 + 동사.





16. ~는 -으로 나뉘어진다.


주어 is/are divided into -.


EX) This passage is divided into two quite separate parts.





17. 사실은 ...이다.


The fact (of the matter) is that + 절.


EX) The fact of the matter is that meat is a highly concentrated form of nutriment.





18. 이것은 대체로 ...하기 때문이다.


This is largely because + 절.


EX) This is largely because the fat intake is low.





19. 내가 놀란 것은 ...라는 사실이다.


What surprises me is that +절.


EX) What surprises me is that even teenagers use drugs.





20. ~는 ...할 자격이 있다.


주어 is/are entitled + to 부정사.


EX) Women are also entitled to do what they want.





21. ...인지 의문스럽다.


It is doubtful whether + 절.


EX) It is doubtful whether the public at large has any idea of the Internet revolution.





22. 일단 ~만 되면 ...하다.


Once + 과거분사, 주어 + 동사.


EX) Once designed, a silicon chip is extremely cheap to manufacture in bulk.





23. ~는 ...하는 방법을 배우고 있다.


주어 is/are learning how + to 부정사.


EX) I am learning how to play the saxophone.





24. 나는 한때 ...한 적이 있다.


I used + to 부정사.


EX) I used to drink quite a lot.





25. 나는 ...이 아니라고 생각한다.


I don't think (that) + 절.


EX) I don't think I have any striking features.





26. ~에 관한 한 ...이다.


As far as ~is/are concerned, 주어 + 동사.


EX) As far as TV is concerned, 65% of teenagers often watch television.





27. 나는 ...하는 데 커다란 어려움이 있다.


I have great difficulty (in) + -ing 구문.


EX) I have great difficulty getting close to other people.





28. ~은 전형적인 -처럼 보인다.


주어 seem(s) to be typical of -.


EX) This house seems to be typical of European buildings.





29. 나는 ...하는 것을 결코 고려해본 적이 없다.


I have never considered + -ing 구문.


EX) I have never considered studying abroad.





30. 만약 내 기억이 맞다면, ...이다.


If my memory serves me right, 주어 + 동사.


EX) If my memory serves me right, his uncle is a police officer.





31. 나는 종종 ...할까 생각해보았다.


I've often thought about + -ing 구문.


EX) I've often thought about changing my profession.





32. ~는 -이래 존재하였다.


주어 has/have existed since -.


EX) The telephone has existed since the beginning of the 20th century.





33. ~는 -을 포함한다.


주어 involve(s) -.


EX) Housework involves caring for the members of the family, cleaning the house and doing the laundry.





34. 이용 가능한 ~가 충분치 않다.


There aren't enough ~available.


EX) There aren't enough computers available.





35. ~이 점점 ...해지고 있다.


주어 is/are getting + 비교급.


EX) Jobs are getting scarcer.





36. 모든 사람들은 ~에 대해 나름대로 의견을 갖고 있다.


Everyone has some opinion about~.


EX) Everyone has some opinion about politics.





37. 계속 ...하고 있다.


It keeps + -ing 구문.


EX) It keeps changing.





38. X와 Y는 꼭 동의어는 아니다.


X and Y are not necessarily synonymous.


EX) Work and job are not necessarily synonymous.





39. ~이 평균보다 더/덜 ...하다.


주어 am/is/are + 비교급 + than average.


EX) The baby is bigger than average.





40. ~는 아마 재미있을 것이다.


주어 might be fun.


EX) Chatting over the Internet might be fun.





41. 그것은 뭔가 ~한 것이었음에 틀림없다.


It must have been something + 형용사.


EX) It must have been something special.





42. 그것은 -와는 거리가 멀다.


It's far from -.


EX) It's far from sensible.





43. ~를 -라고 부른다.


주어 is/are called -.


EX) Most of the smaller marine mammals are called dolphins.





44. ~하는 반면 ...이다.


주어 + 동사, while 주어 + 동사.


EX) Worrisome thoughts have adverse effects, while joyous thoughts have beneficial effects.





45. ~는 -와 같은 효과를 갖고 있다.


주어 has/have the same effect as -.


EX) It has the same effect as caffeine.





46. ~는 좀처럼 ...하지 않는다.


주어 + seldom + 동사.


EX) I seldom buy music CDs.





47. ~가 -에서 열린다.


주어 is/are held in -.


EX) The '88 Summer Olympic Games were held in Seoul.





48. ~는 호평을 받고 있다.


주어 is/are well received.


EX) The orchestra was well received.





49. 결국 ~임이 드러났다.


It turned out to be ~.


EX) It turned out to be a great success.





50. 한국인들은 ~와는 달리 ...하다.


The Koreans, as opposed to ~, + 동사.


EX) The Koreans, as opposed to the Chinese, drink a lot of beer.





51. 나는 ...을 -에 기초하고 있다.


I base ... on -.


EX) I base this assertion on some evidence.





52. 나는 ...라는 사실을 인식하고 있다.


I become aware of the fact that +절.


EX) I became aware of the fact that she had been mistaken.





53. 아주 신기하게도 ...하다.


Curiously enough, 주어 + 동사.


EX) Curiously enough, he did not lose his job.





54. 둘 중 어는 쪽이든 ...할 것이다.


Either way, 주어 + will + 동사.


EX) Either way, the structure of the Korean economy will change.





55. ~은 세 가지 부류로 나뉘어진다.


주어 fall(s) into three categories.


EX) This type of publication falls into three categories.





56. ~적 관점에서 ...이다.


From a(n) 형용사 point of view 주어 + 동사.


EX) From a medical point of view he shows no evidence of illness.





57. 시간이 지나면서 ...하다.


In the course of time 주어 + 동사.


EX) In the course of time I got accustomed to my new surroundings.





58. 나는 ...할 수밖에 달리 방법이 없다.


I have no choice but + to 부정사.


EX) I had no choice but to use force.


have no alternative but + to 부정사


have no option but + to 부정사


cf) " ...하지 않을수 없다.“


cannot but + 원형동사


cannot help + ~ing








59. ~는 -를 존중하지 않는다.


주어 have/has no regard for -.


EX) She has no regard for the feelings of others.








60. ~문제에 있어서 ...하다.


In 형용사 matters 주어 + 동사.


EX) In economic matters decisions must be made quickly.








61. 이러한 점에서 ...하다.


In this respect 주어 + 동사.


EX) I have never been ill in my life. In this respect I have been very lucky.





62. -을 고려하여 ...하다.


In view of - 주어 + 동사.


EX) In view of these circumstances we decided not to take legal action.





63. ...을 해봤자 아무 소용이 없다.


There is no point + -ing 구문.


EX) There is no point in trying to convince him.





64. 나는 ~라는 조건으로 ...할 것이다.


I will + 동사 + on condition that + 절.


EX) I will sign the contract on condition that you deliver the goods on time.





65. ~는 ...라는 사실에서 기인하다.


주어 result(s) from the fact that + 절.


EX) A lot of problems with teenagers result from the fact that parents are too permissive.





66. 개인적으로 나는 ...라고 믿는다.


Personally, I believe (that) + 절.


EX) Personally, I believe that every human being has the right to equal opportunity.





67. 요지는 ...라는 것이다.


The point is that + 절.


EX) The point is that women continue to regarded as second rate citizens.





68. ~에 깔린 기본 생각은 -이다.


The underlying idea of ~is -.


EX) The underlying idea of the reform is fair distribution of wealth.





69. 틀림없이 ...이다.


There is no doubt that + 절.


EX) There is no doubt that production will be stepped up before long.





70. ...해봐야 아무런 의미가 없다.


There is no sense in + -ing 구문.


EX) There is no sense in going on strike.





71. ~는 곳에 따라 다르다.


주어 vary/varies from place to place.


EX) Customs vary from place to place.





72. ~는 매우 다양한 용도로 사용된다.


주어 have/has great flexibility of use.


EX) This book has great flexibility of use.





73 ~는 ...로 시작해서 -로 끝이 난다.


주어 begin(s) with ... and ends with -.


EX) The film begins with the death of a woman and ends with her revenge.





74. 나는 ...하는 일을 아주 잘 한다.


I am very good at + -ing 구문.


EX) I am very good at fixing mechanical things.











75. 우선 ~이 무엇인지를 아는 것이 중요하다.


First of all, it is important to know what 주어 is/are.


EX) First of all, it is important to know what your aptitude is.





76. ~는 대충 모양이 삼각형이다.


주어 is/are roughly triangular in shape.


EX) South America is roughly triangular in shape.





77. 그것이 적용될 수 있는 곳은 -이 요구되는 ~분야이다.


Where it can apply is in ~ that require(s) -.


EX) Where it can apply is in sports that requires skill and practice.





78. ~는 생각보다 -의 영향을 더욱 많이 받았다.


주어 is/are more influenced by - than might be thought.


EX) Hiphop is more influenced by reggae music that might be thought.





79. 문제의 또 다른 측면은~, 즉 -이다.


The other side of the coin is ~, -.


EX) The other side of the coin is tolerance, an acceptance of people and situations.





80. ~는 직접적이든 간접적이든 -와 연관이 있다.


주어 is/are associated with -, either directly or indirectly.


EX) Postures are associated with emotional states, either directly or indirectly.





81. ~의 정도는 -에 따라 다르다.


The extent of ~ varies according to -.


EX) The extent of addiction varies according to the person and the drug.





82. ~에 대해서 생각할 때 우리는 -을 생각하는 경향이 있다.


When we think of ~, we tend to think about -.


EX) When we think of the environment, we tend to think about energy, pollution, conservation, etc.





83. ~은 모든 연령과 계층을 망라한다.


주어 + is/are of any age and walk of life.


EX) People who are addicted to drugs are of any age and walk of life.





84. ...는 길이가 ~에서 -이다.


주어 range(s) in length from ~ to _.


EX) The whales range in length from about 1.3 meters to 5 meters.





85. ...하면 할수록 점점 -하다.


The 비교급 + 주어 + 동사, the 비교급 + 주어 + 동사.


EX) The longer he continues taking pills, the harder a cure will be.





86. 만약 ...하지 않으면 ~는 가능성이 거의 없다.


주어 is/are unlikely unless + 절.


EX) This is unlikely unless the anti-pollution law is passed.





87. 이유야 어떻든 ...하는 것은 ~한 일이다.


For whatever reason it is + 형용사 + to 부정사.


EX) For whatever reason it is pleasant to share a room with friends.





88. 우선 ~에 대해 간략히 언급하겠다.


First of all, I'd touch on ~.


EX) First of all, I'd touch on the need to discuss this subject.





89. 아는 어떤 것이 가장 ~인지를 결정하는데 도움을 줄 것이다.


This will help (you) decide which is +최상급.


EX) This will help you decide which is the most appropriate.





90. -에 따라 ~에 현저한 차이가 있다.


There are sharp contrasts between ~ according to -.


EX) There are sharp contrasts between modes of travel according to sex and income.





91. 나는 ...이 중요하다고 믿는다.


I believe it important that + 절.


EX) I believe it important that these claims should be widely known.





92. 그것은 ~이 어떻게 ...되었는지를 잘 말해준다.


It tells well how + 절.


EX) It tells well how procedures were ignored.





93. ...은 모두가 다 아는 사실이다.


It's common knowledge that + 절.


EX) It's common knowledge that the US president Clinton is a womanizer.





94. ~는 ...라는 사실에 대체로 기인한다.


주어 is/are largely due to the fact that + 절.


EX) My resentment towards Karen is largely due to the fact that she solely occupies the room.





95. ~는 ...를 하는데 없어서는 안될 요소이다.


주어 is/are a vital factor in + -ing 구문.


EX) TV is a vital factor in holding a family together.





96. 만약 계속 ...한다면 결국 ~할 것이다.


If 주어 keep(s) + -ing 구문, eventually 주어 will + 동사.


EX) If you keep talking about something for long enough, eventually people will pay attention to you.





97. ...하는 것은 단지 시간 문제일 뿐이다.


It's only a matter of time before + 절.


EX) It's only a matter of time before we can find any evidence.





98. ...는 의문의 여지가 있다.


It's open to question that + 절.


EX) It's open to question that the central bank raised the interest rate last month.





99. ~하느니 차라리 ... 하는 편이 낫겠다.


주어 might + 원형동사, rather than + 원형동사.


EX) You might go and change that product, rather than go on feeling bad about it.





100. ...하는데는 각별한 주의가 요구된다.


Special care should be taken in + -ing 구문.


EX) Special care should be taken in interpreting economic statistics.





101. 많은 사람들이 아직도 ...라는 사실을 기이하게 여긴다.


Many people still consider it odd that + 절.


EX) Many people still consider it odd that a woman can make a political career.





102. ~에는 사람들이 인식하는 것보다 더 많은 함정이 도사리고 있다.


주어 has/have more pitfalls than people realize.


EX) Sometimes being married has more pitfalls than people realize.





103. ~에 문제가 생겼다.


A problem has arisen with ~.


EX) Recently, a problem has arisen with the British Royal Family.





104. 문제의 해결책은 ...하는데 있는 듯 하다.


A solution to the problem may lie in + -ing 구문.


EX) A solution to the problem may lie in using an alternative means of transport - the bicycle.





105. ~은 -를 B할 뿐 아니라 A하게 만들어줄 것이다.


주어 will make + 목적어(-) + 형용사(A) as well as 형용사(B).


EX) It will make driving more comfortable as well as safe.





106. ~중에서 ...이다.


Of ~ 주어 + 동사.


EX) Of the major world religions Buddhism adopts a vegetarian diet.





107. ~의 수는 -으로 추산된다.


The number of ~ is estimated at -.


EX) The number of vegetarians in Europe is estimated at several million.





108. ~는 확실히 ...하는 경향이 있다.


There is certainly a tendency for 의미상 주어 + to 부정사.


EX) There is certainly a tendency for vegetarians to have lower calorie intakes than people on mixed diets.





109. ~는 -에게 일어날 수 있는 가장 멋진 일이다.


주어 is/are the finest thing that can happen to -.


EX) Receiving a present is the finest thing that can happen to a child.





110. ~는 일반적으로 그런 류로는 가장 ...한 것으로 인정받고 있다.


주어 is generally recognized as (being) + 최상급 + of its kind.


EX) The school program is generally recognized as being the most successful of its kind.





111. 사람들은 ~가 가질 수 있는 끔찍한 영향력에 대해 잘 인식하지 못하고 있다.


People are not aware of the terrible effects (that) 주어 + could have.


EX) People are simply not aware of the terrible effects a nuclear bomb could have.





112. 어느 ~이 모두 그러하듯, ...이다.


As is true of any ~, 주어 + 동사.


EX) As is true of any housework, gardening is tedious.





113. 그것은 ...하는데 하나의 유용한 대안으로 여겨진다.


It is viewed as a useful alternative way of + -ing 구문.


EX)It is viewed as a useful alternative way of dealing with these troublesome school problems.





114. 나는 ...하는게 어떤 기분인지 잘 모르겠다.


I don't know what it's like + to 부정사.


EX) I don't know what it's like to be a star.








115. ~와 ...를 구분하는 것은 무척 쉬운 일이다.


It's quite easy to differentiate between ~ and -.


EX) It's quite easy to differentiate between a middle-class and a working-class child.





116. 이것은 ...하는 정도를 가리킨다.


This indicates the degree to which + 절.


EX) This indicates the degree to which a person is influenced by what he learnt as a child.





117. 생각컨대 ~가 -에게 안성맞춤인 듯 싶다.


Conceivably, 주어 is/are the thing for -.


EX) Conceivably, more creative work is the thing for me.





118. 나는 ~에는 동감하지만 -에는 실망하고 있다.


I sympathize with ~ but am disappointed at -.


EX) I sympathize with his idea but am disappointed at his way of working.





119. 그것은 정말 ~하지만 때로 다소 -한 일이다.


It's really ~ but at times rather -.


EX) It's really exciting but at times rather time-consuming.





120. 나는 바로 지금이 ...해야 할 때라고 생각한다.


I think it's high time (that) 주어 + 과거동사.


EX) I think it's high time she went on a diet.





121. ~에서 가장 흥미로운 측면은 ...라는 사실이다.


The most enjoyable aspect of ~ is the fact that + 절.


EX) The most enjoyable aspect of my work is the fact that I am a freelance.





122. 일부는 ...한 반면, 다른 이들은 ~하다.


Some + 동사, while others + 동사.


EX) Some feel a great sense of obligation, while others do not care at all.





123. ~는 예외라기보다는 하나의 대세이다.


주어 is/are the rule rather than the exception.


EX) Nowadays, job mobility is the rule rather than the exception.





124. 내게는 ~한 것이 다른 사람에게는 ~하지 않을 수 있다.


What's ~ to me may not be ~ to someone else.


EX) What's interesting to me may not be interesting to someone else.





125. ...한 것이 마치 어제 일처럼 여겨진다.


It seems like only yesterday that + 절.


EX) It seems like only yesterday that we were married.





126. 나는 ...를 할지 혹은 ~를 할지에 대해 마음을 정하지 못했다.


I haven't made up my mind about whether I + 동사 + or + 동사.


EX) I haven't made up my mind about whether I want to be a programmer or run a convenience store later.








127. ~이든 아니든, ...해야 한다.


Whether or not + 절, 주어 + should + 동사.


EX) Whether or not you are young, we should keep fit.





128. 그것은 얼마나 ...하는냐에 달려있다.


That depends on how 형용사(부사) + 주어 + 동사.


EX) That depends on how efficient it is.





129. ~는 개인의 필요에 따라 맞춤식으로 -을 만든다.


주어 tailor(s) -to one's individual needs.


EX) The students can tailor the program to their individual needs.





130. ~는 -에 도움이 될 것으로 생각된다.


주어 is/are believed to be conducive to -.


EX) Yoga is believed to be conducive to a longer, healthier life.





131. ~는 -의 결과로 생각된다.


주어 is/are thought to be the result of -.


EX) Illness is thought th be the result of an improper balance of the body's forces.





132. ~는 X가 올라서 결국 Y가 되었다.


주어 rose by X to Y.


EX) Inflation rose by 3% to 9.5%.





133. 나는 ...할 기회가 없었다.


I haven't had the occasion + to 부정사.


EX) I haven't had the occasion to use my medical insurance.





134. 오직 우리가 할 일은 ...하는 것뿐이다.


All we have to do is + 원형동사.


EX) All we have to do is go and wait for the result.





135. ~는 -의 형태로 ...을 표현한다.


주어 express(es) ... in the form of -.


EX) Black people express their feelings about life in the form of gospel music.





136. X는 Y의 핵심적 내용이다.


X is/are what Y is all about.


EX) The search for spiritual consolation is what gospel music is all about.





137. ~는 -에게 어떤 식으로든 의미를 갖는다.


주어 has/have meaning for - in some way or other.


EX) Music surely has meaning for everyone in some way or other.





138. 오로지 중요한 것은 ...이다.


All that matters is that + 절.


EX) All that matters now is that the new government implements the necessary reforms without delay.





139. 속담에도 있듯이, “...이다.”


“...”, as the saying goes.


EX) "Every dog has his day", as the saying goes.





140. ...함에 따라 더욱 ~하다.


It is all the more 형용사 as + 절.


EX) It is all the more serious as productivity has been steadily falling in the last few years.








141. 나는 ~가 정말 -에 근거한 것인지 궁금하다.


I wonder whether 주어 is/are really based on -.


EX) I wonder whether this article is really based on facts.





142. ...하다는 것은 아주 올바른 지적이다.


It is quite right to point out that + 절.


EX) It is quite right to point out that most applicants just do not qualify for the job.





143. ...라는 사실은 지적할만한 가치가 있다.


It is worth pointing out that + 절.


EX) It is worth pointing out that pollution has put fish at risk.





144. ~은 ...라는 사실에서 엿볼 수 있다.


주어 can be seen from the fact that + 절.


EX) The importance of the new law can be seen from the fact that even the opposition has voted for it.





145. ...하느냐의 여부는 -에 달려있다.


Whether 주어 + 동사 (+or not) depends on -.


EX) Whether I can master English or not depends on three factors.





146. ~는 ...에게 -를 간파할 수 있게 해준다.


주어 give(s) + 인칭 목적어 + an insight into -.


EX) Traveling gives you an insight into the mentality of people in other countries.





147. ~에 상관없이 ...하다.


Irrespective of ~, 주어 + 동사.


EX) Irrespective of what side you take, you should start immediate negotiations.





148. ...하다는 것은 말할 필요도 없다.


It is needless to say that + 절.


EX) It is needless to say that breaking down the walls of prejudice is difficult.





149. ...은 일반적으로 인정된 사실이다.


It is a generally accepted truth that + 절.


EX) It is a generally accepted truth that cigarette smoking is harmful to the health.





150. ...하려면 상당한 전문 지식이 필요하다.


It takes considerable expertise + to 부정사.


EX) It takes considerable expertise to forecast the fluctuation isn’t stock prices.





151. 나는 ...을 분명히 해두고 싶다.


I would like to make it clear that + 절.


EX) I would like to make it clear that I am not prejudiced against anyone.





152. ~는 한편으로는 -하면서 다른 한편으로는 ...하다.


On the one hand 주어 + 동사, on the other (hand) 주어 + 동사.


EX) On the one hand she advocates a classless society, on the other she prides herself on living in the West.





153. 주요 쟁점은 ...의 여부이다.


The main point at issue is whether + 절.


EX) The main point at issue is whether students can carry beepers and cellular phones at school.





154. 내가 보기에는 ...할 가능성이 별로 없다.


I do not see any chance of + -ing 구문.


EX) I do not see any chance of putting these ideas into practice.








155. ...라는 사실을 고려에 넣어야만 한다.


You must take into consideration that + 절.


EX) You must take into consideration that the fabric of society in that country is completely different from ours.





156. 그 모든 것을 고려할 때, 나는 ...라고 생각한다.


Taking all that into consideration, I think (that) + 절.


EX) Taking all that into consideration, I think the whole situation is not as confusing as it looks.





157. ~의 좋은 점은 ...라는 것이다.


The good thing about ~is that + 절.


EX) The good thing about it is that you do not need to speak fluent English.





158. ~의 열쇠는 -에 있다.


The key to ~ lies in -.


EX) The key to the solution of many social problems lies in a wider understanding of the facts of economic life.





159. ~에는 늘 양면성이 있다.


There are always two sides to -.


EX) There are always two sides to every problem.





160. 요컨대 ...라고 말할 수 있다.


To sum up, we can say that + 절.


EX) To sum up, we can say that women are often superior to men in almost every field.





161. ~을 어느 정도 자세히 다루기로 하겠다.


I should treat ~ in some detail.


EX) I should treat this subject in some detail.





162. ~에 관해서라면 ...이다.


When it comes to ~, 주어 + 동사.


EX) When it comes to sports, he is the best in our class.





163. ~은 단지 희망 사항일 뿐이다.


주어 is/are nothing but wishful thinking.


EX) That is nothing but wishful thinking.





164. -과 관련된 ~이 점점 더 광범위해지고 있다.


주어 related to - become(s) progressively more comprehensive.


EX) The problems related to the environment become progressively more comprehensive.





165. ~를 잘 할 수 있는 최선의 방법 중 하나는 ...인 듯 싶다.


One of the best ways + to 부정사 seems + to 부정사.


EX) One of the best ways to shop seems to prepare in advance by making a list of what you need.





166. 나는 ~를 하는 것 만큼이나 거의 ...하는 것을 싫어한다.


I hate + -ing 구문 almost as much as + -ing 구문.


EX) I hate washing dishes almost as much as doing laundry.





167. X는 Y보다 약 3배 정도나 많은 -를 ...한다.


X 동사 about three times as many/much -as Y.


EX) The big washing machine holds about three times as many clothes as the regular one.





168. 나는 늘 ...하는 것이 훨씬 더/덜 ~할거라고 생각했다.


I always thought it would be much 비교급 + to 부정사.


EX) I always thought it would be much more expensive to repair.





169. 여러 가지 이유들로 인해 ~이후 세상이 많이 변했다.


Things have changed a lot since ~ for various reasons.


EX) Things have changed a lot since the 1950s for various reasons.





170. ~는 너무 -하여 ...할 수가 없다.


주어 + 동사 + too 형용사(부사) + to 부정사.


EX) I was too nervous about the exam result to eat the food.





171. ~는 ...한 지 얼마되지 않아 -하기 시작했다.


Soon after 주어 had + 과거분사, 주어 started + to 부정사.


EX) Soon after I had left my country, I started to feel homesick.





172. ~에 관해서 흥미로운 것은 A가 아니라 B이다.


What is interesting about ~ is not A, but B.


EX) What is interesting about money is not its value, but the behavior of people toward it.





173. 이 논의는 ~에 관한 것으로 -와는 관계가 없다.


The discussion is on ~ and it stands regardless of -.


EX) The discussion is on basic body shape and it stands regardless of what you weigh and how fat you may be.





174. 보통 ...하는 모습은 ~을 잘 드러낸다.


Usually, the way 주어 + 동사 reveals ~.


EX) Usually, the way someone speaks reveals his or her character.





175. ~ 의 이유들은 -만큼이나 다양하다.


The reasons for ~ are as varied as -.


EX) Their reasons for taking drugs are as varied as the environments in which they live.





176. 일부 경우들에선 ...인 반면, 다른 경우들에선 ~이다.


In some cases 주어 + 동사; in others 주어 + 동사.


EX) In some cases addiction will be lifelong; in others it may be a temporary phase.





177. 목표는 대중들이 ~에 대해 보다 잘 인식케하는 것이다.


The aim is to make the public more aware of ~.


EX) The aim is to make the public more aware of the wildlife's plight.





178. 비록 -하지만 ~과 유사한 방법으로 ...한다.


주어 + 동사 in a way similar to that of ~, though + 형용사.


EX) This machine works in a way similar to that of a computer, though slow-moving.





179. 대부분의 사람들에게서 중요한 것은 ~뿐만 아니라 -이다.


For most people it is not only ~ which is/are important, but -(as well).


EX) For most people it is not only the type of housing which is important, but the whole neighborhood as well.





180. 나는 ~에 환멸을 느껴서 ...한다.


I am so disenchanted with ~ that + 절.


EX) I was so disenchanted with life in a big city that I decided to give up my job and make a fresh start somewhere in the country.





181. 나는 ...하는 것이 더 이상 무의미하다고 생각한다.





I think it no longer makes sense that + 절.


EX) I think it no longer makes sense that the universities remain in a densely populated part of Seoul.





182. ...인지 여부는 단지 견해 차이에 불과하다.


Whether or not + 절 is just a matter of opinion.


EX) Whether or not it's healthier to be a vegetarian is just a matter of opinion.





183. ...라는 사실의 원인으로 ~을 탓할 수 있다.


You can blame ~ for the fact that + 절.


EX) You can blame TV for the fact that children take longer to learn to read these days.








184. 문제는 우리가 ...를 하면서도 어떻게 ~하는지를 모른다는 사실이다.


The trouble is that when + 절 we don't know how + 절.


EX) The trouble is that when we look at the photo we don't know how the photo was taken.





185. 나는 -에 대해 아는 바가 별로 없으므로 ...을 할 수가 없다.


I have little knowledge of ~ and am therefore unable + to 부정사.


EX) I have little knowledge of the actual production of what I buy and am therefore unable to make firsthand judgments of quality.





186. ...을 하는데 ~을 참조하면 유의할 것이다.


It may be useful to refer to ~ + to 부정사.


EX) It may be useful to refer to a business dictionary to read financial pages in the newspaper.





187. 부분적으로 ~의 이유는 ...하는데 있는 듯하다.


Part of the reason for ~ may lie in + -ing 구문.


EX) Part of the reason for this may lie in people choosing a holiday that is unsuitable for them.





188. ~에 대한 이야기를 듣는 것이 요즘은 꽤 흔한 일이다.


It is not common these days to hear of ~.


EX) It is not common these days to hear of people who become disenchanted with city life.





189. 더욱 많은 사람들이 ...하는 것을 점점 스트레스로 생각하고 있다.


More and more people are finding it increasingly stressful + to 부정사.


EX) More and more people are finding it increasingly stressful to commute to work.





190. 만약 ...한다면 ~은 꽤나 큰 충격일 것이다.


주어 will come as quite a shock if + 절.


EX) Sex education at school will come as quite a shock if you've been accustomed to a regular curriculum.





191. 전통적으로 ~는 늘 -였다. 왜냐하면 ...하기 때문이다.


Traditionally, 주어 has/have always been -, for 주어 + 동사.


EX) Traditionally, auto-racing has always been a man's sport, for it takes a great deal of stamina.





192. ~은 경제적으로 필요성보다는 기호의 문제에 해당한다.


주어 is/are less a matter of economic necessity than of taste.


EX) Vegetarianism in the West is less a matter of economic necessity than of taste.





193. ~은 -하는 경향이 있어서 ...이다.


주어 tend(s) + to 부정사 so that + 절.


EX) Vegetables tend to have a higher water content so that vegetarians automatically take larger quantities of water.





194. ~은 비판할 것은 많고 칭찬할 점은 별로 없다.





There is much to criticize and little to praise in ~.


EX) There is much to criticize and little to praise in the schooling we received.





195. 하지만 ...의 여부에 대해서는 아직 의문이 완전히 가시지 않고 있다.


There are, however, still some lingering doubts as to whether + 절.


EX) There are, however, still some lingering doubts as to whether this new system can replace the old one.





196. 똑같은 규칙이 ~ 및 그와 동등한 것에 적용될 것이다.


The same rules will apply to ~ and its/their equivalents.


EX) The same rules will apply to the Nobel prizewinner and their equivalents.





197. 요즘 들어 ~는 과거만큼 ~하지 않다.


주어 + 부정동사 + as 형용사(부사) nowadays as 주어 used to.


EX) People don't work as hard nowadays as they used to.





198. ~는 별 논란을 일으키지 않으면서 폭넓게 행해지고 있다.


주어 is/are widely practiced and causes little controversy.


EX) Plastic surgery today is widely practiced and causes little controversy.





199. 오늘날 우리가 알고 있는 것과 같은 ~는 -에는 존재하지 않을 것이다.


주어 as we know it/them today won't exist in -.


EX) School as we know them today won't exist in the 21st century.





200. ~는 ...라는 점에서 -와는 다르다.


주어 differ(s) from -in that + 절.


EX) TIME magazine differs from LIFE in that it is more serious.





201. ~는 본질적으로 -는 아니지만 ...를 초래할 수 있다.


주어, though not - in itself, might lead to ...


EX) The new system, though not objectionable in itself, might lead to great concern.








202. ~은 어는 장소, 어는 사람들에게든 즉각적인 관심사이다.


주어 is/are something that is of immediate concern to everyone, everywhere.


EX) Food is something that is of immediate concern to everyone, everywhere.





203. 나는 ~에게 ...을 납득시키기가 여전히 어렵다.


I still find it difficult to convince ~ that + 절.


EX) I still find it difficult to convenience my friends that studying abroad is not as glamorous as it is thought to be.





204. 나는 ~의 결과로 몇 가지 새로운 문제들이 일어날 것으로 예상한다.


I anticipate (that) some new problems will arise as a result of ~.


EX) I anticipate that some new problems will arise as an result of the increasing life span.





205. ~은 ...라는 의미에서 매우 이례적이다.


주어 is/are quite unusual in the sense that + 절.


EX) The company is quite unusual in the sense that it is owned by its staff.





206. 나는 ...라는 취지에서 한 마디 언급하였다.


I made a remark to the effect that + 절.


EX) I made a remark to the effect that more people will lose their jobs.





207. 나는 결국 ...하고 말았다.


I end up + -ing 구문.


EX) I ended up buying more than I could afford.





208. X와 Y를 명확히 구분하는 것이 항상 간단한 일은 아니다.


It is not always simple to draw a clear distinction between X and Y.


EX) It is not always simple to draw a clear distinction between ideal and reality.





209. 대부분의 경우 X와 Y에 그어진 경계선은 주관적일 수 밖에 없다.


In most cases the line drawn between X and Y is necessarily subjective.


EX) In most cases the line drawn between amateur and professional is necessarily subjective.





210. “~”라는 말을 들으면 아마 누구든지 -을 생각할 것이다.


Anybody who hears the word "~" will probably think of -.


EX) Anybody who hears the word "hero" will probably think of the name Napoleon.





211. 이상하게 들릴지 모르지만 사실은 ...이다.


Strange as it may sound, the fact is that + 절.


EX) Strange as it may sound, the fact is that "Swan Lake" was not in the least recognized while Tchaikovsky was alive.





212. 비록 ~지만, 흔히 그렇듯 ...이다.


Though + 절, 주어, as is often the case, 동사.


EX) Though the scientist himself did not want any publicity, newspaper, as is often the case, began to publicize his discovery.





213. ~는 한가지 즉 -로 요약된다.


주어 boil(s) down to one; -.


EX) All the proposed solutions now boil down to one; specialization and globalization.





214. 첫째 이유는 ...한 것이고 그 다음은 -라는 점이다.


For one thing 주어 + 동사, and then 주어 + 동사.


EX) For one thing the immigrants have different values, and then many of them do not speak English.





215. ~에서 다루는 주제의 범위는 ...에서부터 ~에 이른다.


The subjects treated in ~ range from ... to -.


EX) The subjects treated in this book range from gardening to mountaineering.





216. ...한 것은 당연한 세상 이치이다.


It is in the nature of things that + 절.


EX) It is in the nature of things that the best way to achieve success is by doing what we love.





217. ~의 장점은 단점을 압도한다.


The advantages of ~ outweigh the disadvantages.


EX) The advantages of early education outweigh the disadvantages.





218. 표면적으로는 ~가 -한 것 처럼 보이지만 실제로는 ...하다.


On the surface 주어 seem(s) + to 부정사, but in reality 주어 + 동사.


EX) On the surface sexism seems to have disappeared, but in reality it still exists.





219. 우리는 ~에 대한 모든 찬반 의견을 고려해야만 한다.


We must consider all the pros and cons of ~.


EX) We must carefully consider all the pros and cons of local autonomy.





220. ~는 이론상으로 그럴듯하게 들리지만 실행 가능성 여부는 의문이다.


주어 sound(s) good in theory, but I wonder whether it/they will work in practice.


EX) The plan sounds good in theory, but I wonder whether it will work in practice.





221. ~을 둘러싼 최근의 논란을 예로 들어보겠다.


I will take an example of the recent controversies surrounding -.


EX) I will take an example of the recent controversies surrounding sexual harrassment.





222. ~는 ... 에 관한 이야기로 -을 잘 드러내준다.


주어 is/are a story about ..., revealing -.


EX) A folk tale is a story about ordinary people, revealing their beliefs and customs.
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